WATER ELECTROLYSISFUEL SAVERS for LORRIES:
# –Go GREEN Fuel Systems, Hydrogen Enrichment Technology, http://gogreenfuel.com/index.html
The Go Green 2448 is an On-Board, On-Demand, Hydrogen Enrichment System that will increase MPG and decrease emissions.
The Go Green 2448 produces 67.5 liters of Hydrogen and Oxygen per hour of operation (67.5/60 min= 1.125 L/min). The Hydrogen and Oxygen are injected into the engines intake resulting in a more complete burn of the engines primary fuel, which results in increased MPG and fewer emissions.
Hydrogen-Oxygen enrichment of the engine’s primary fuel stock provides two easily measured benefits: ·Increased miles per gallon ·Decreased toxic emissions
Test results show that the increase in MPG will range from 10%-30%, depending on variables such as engine condition, driving habits, load and topography. Most users experience MPG increases between 10% and 20%.
Originally developed as a solution to reduce emissions, Go Green Fuel Systems provide immediate and quite substantial reductions in emissions especially Carbon Monoxide and NOx. Such emissions are reduced even further as the Go Green System operates over longer periods of time. These results are possible because the Go Green System treats the cause of emissions which is incomplete combustion.
The Go Green Fuel System requires no modification of the engine. Installation is quick and easy. Maintenance is even easier. De-ionized water is added every 10,000 – 12,000 miles or 80 hours of operation.
Where can the Go Green Fuel electrolyte solution be purchased? The solution cannot be purchased by anyone other then a Go Green Fuel Systems installer. The solution will not need to be replaced under ordinary operating conditions. Manufacturer recommends the Go Green Fuel System be serviced once a year by a Go Green Fuel Systems certified installer who will change out the electrolyte solution.
Dynamic Fuel Systems Inc. is a Pickering, Ontario based energy sector company engaged in the manufacture, Its business was founded in 2001
The JetstarTM is an aftermarket retrofit that provides combustion enhancement by mixing hydrogen and oxygen with the vehicle’s intake air.
You then get a more complete burn of the fuel in the internal combustion engine, and this mixture is especially effective with diesel engines. This also results in a decrease in emissions, along with an increase in torque, horsepower and gas mileage.
PATENT PENDING : The JetstarTM gasifies our hydrogen compatible JetfuelTM by separating the hydrogen and oxygen molecules creating hydrogen and oxygen gases. These gases are produced only while the engine is running. The automatic fill system with primary and secondary safety components is simultaneously monitored within the JetstarTM. The gases are produced under a slight pressure to ensure a consistent flow to the engine. A hose from the JetstarTM delivers the gas to the intake of the vehicle, allowing the gas and fuel vapor to mix resulting in a more complete burn.
These gases are produced using JetstarTM and draws a small amount of power from the vehicle’s electrical system. On diesel engines, these gases are produced under pressure to compensate for the engine’s turbo boost set up. Because the burn is now more efficient, emissions such as nitrous oxides, hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide are reduced both over time and distance. Burning the fuel in the combustion chamber more completely will increase fuel mileage and horsepower, while reducing maintenance and/or operating costs.
This system is controlled through a micro processor that monitors all safety devices. The JetstarTM has a life expectancy in excess of 10 years and has been engineered to operate in temperatures ranging from -45C to +77C.
Operation: The operator simply has to replace the 1.8 liter bottle of JetfuelTM every 5,000 miles or 90 hours of operation.
NUMEROUS SAFETY FEATURES are built into the Jetstar system ; Safety and quality are always placed first at Dynamic Fuel Systems Inc. The Jetstar is TSSA (Technical Standards & Safety Authority) Certified.
You, the trucker, have enough issues to deal with. You can drive worry-free with the Jetstar knowing it is safe and DOT (Department of Transport) compliant.
A two way solenoid deactivates immediately on shutdown, clearing all hydrogen from the system. All hoses, fittings, and components are designed to withstand up to 150 PSI.
If the unit should fail for any reason, it will not impede the operation of the vehicle.
Never at any time is there any significant amount of hydrogen in your Jetstar. All the hydrogen being generated is consumed by your engine.
Every JetstarTM unit is constructed using ISO 9002 manufactured standard industrial and electronic componentsEvery JetstarTM unit has been tested for vibration resistanceEvery JetstarTM unit is installed by our certified techniciansEvery JetstarTM unit comes with an in-cab wireless remote to keep the driver fully informed as to the performance of the unit
The CHEC HFI hydrogen injection system will:
Reduced Emissions. Guaranteed 10% fuel savings.
Improve torque and horsepower while reducing oil degradation.
Requires only small quantities of distilled water to operate.
– Hydrogen Fuel Injection System (HFI), is an onboard generator of hydrogen and oxygen gases for internal combustion engines.
– The HFI introduces gases to the air intake manifold of the truck, weighs approximately 90lbs and measures 12x12x24 inches.
– The gases generated , once introduced to the intake manifold, are mixed with the incoming air. The gases are produced only while the engine is running.
– Hydrogen is not stored under significant pressure at anytime eliminating any safety concerns. The introduction of these gases results in a more efficient and complete burn of existing fuel.
We’ve got 60 million miles on our units in temperatures ranging all the way down to -40 degrees Celsius. We’ve built our units with Stainless 316L steel throughout.
The CHEC HFI unit is a bolt-on solution – no modifications to your engine are required, no expensive conversions, no lengthy downtime – in fact, you can even transfer it to your next rig.
Canadian Province’s with Installation Centre’s: Alberta / British Columbia / Manitoba / New Brunswick / New Foundland / Nova Scotia / Ontario / Prince Edward Island / Quebec / Saskatchewan
USA States with Installation Centre ArkansasArizonaCalifornia Colorado FloridaGeorgiaIllinoisIndianaKansas MichiganMontana Nevada New YorkNorth DakotaOhio OklahomaPennsylvaniaTennesseeTexasUtahVermontVirginiaWashington Wisconsin
For more information on becoming a Certified Installation Center, contact: Joe Demarco, Director of Dealer Development 905-697-7011 TOLL FREE 1 800 550 4066
Customer Testimonials :
– ” A Standard fill up was about 670 – 700 liters per trip, its now 570-580 liters! “President of Raistrick Investments
– This equates to over 20% in fuel savings, also when I have a full load, I no longer have to shift down a gear going up hills. Al Stewart – Independent Operator Owner
– “the results have been consistently spectacular”. “It has been six years since I first let your company install one of your prototypes of the Hydrogen Fuel Injection System. Most noticeable improvement has been my mileage increase of 1.95 MPG more (over 40%)” UBE DAUPHINAIS.
– ” I am pleased to let you know that the results thus far have surpassed my expectations”. This represents a 31.7% mileage increase.” John Campitelli, Utility International Inc.
We provide a three year, 100% warranty, on all parts and labour – Engine warranty will not be affected by the installation of the HFI system – Prices from 4,000 to 12,000 USD, depending of the model, or monthly leasing around 400 USD – Requires only 4 litres of distilled water every 12,000 kilometers – Uses only 13 Amperes of electricity to operate (about the same as your headlights).
To discuss purchasing options and locations near you, please call 1-800-550-4066, or email us at email@example.com.
## Hydrogen Hybrid Technologies Begins First Korean Installations http://www.greencarcongress.com/2007/11/hydrogen-hybrid.html
Hydrogen Hybrid Technologies Inc. has begun installations of Hydrogen Fuel Injection (HFI) products on transport trucks in Korea in partnership with a local emissions control vendor, Winner Ltd. HFI uses on-board electrolysis to split water and vent the resulting hydrogen and oxygen directly into the air intake of the engine.
HFI technology is installed as an add-on to diesel and gasoline engines where it significantly reduces a wide variety of emissions (CO, PM, HC, CO2 and NOx) while simultaneously reducing fuel consumption. HFI units are being used by more than 150 fleets of long-haul transport trucks, ambulances, municipal buses and other heavy equipment.
The government of Korea has recently enacted legislation that has required a sharp improvement in the exhaust emissions from transport trucks operating in the capital of Seoul and surrounding communities. Trucking companies that retrofit their vehicles with technology selected from a list of government approved products will be able to continue to operate in the new low-emission areas, which cover about 70% of the country.
The first HFI installations will be subjected to extensive trials to provide the data that Winner will utilize to have Hydrogen Fuel Injection added to the list of qualified technologies. The goal is to have that process concluded, before the end of 2007.
… The 25lb. unit on the left is for trucks, while on the right is the nano quick attach proto type for cars, light trucks, motorcycles, outboards and even lawn mowers. A truck unit is being installed on our trusty 6 cylinder Jeep for September road tests.
It’s called Hydrogen enhancement and it’s an invention that mixes a small, fractional amount of Hydrogen through the air intake with gas, diesel, propane or natural gas to give absolutely stunning power increases, extended engine life and fuel saving increases that go off the charts on all test units.
Technically speaking, This new device works simply by manufacturing a fractional amount of Hydrogen/oxygen and pumping it into the air intake to enrich any petroleum fuel with amazing results, like guaranteed savings of 10-20% or much more, cooler running engines, longer lasting oil and like we said – tailpipes so clean, you can almost drink the exhaust which turns back to, you guessed it, H20 water.
For accredited investors wishing a business prospectus please contact our offices week days @800-668-7788 or email Ian@privatepower.ca
The H2N-Gen Module consists of three (3)distinctive sub assemblies, all packaged to befitted inside the engine compartment on a vehicle(in mobile applications), or inside a generatorhousing, in the proximity of the engine intakemanifold (in stationary applications)The H2N-Gen main sub assemblies shown here are:o The Hydrogen Generator Cello The Gas Separator/Dryero The Power PackThe module is engineered to fit in the envelope set out for a typical truck engine compartment. The overall package space is 16″w x 12″h x 2.5″d
# 2006, Innovative Hydrogen Solutions Inc., http://ihsresearch.com/
H2 N-Gen a hydrogen based alternative that meets today’s pollution problems by putting money back in your pocket!
Hydrogen Generation On-Demand
The H2 N-GEN – the Timely Answer to Today’s Problems
As the world continues to face ever-rising demands for energy, especially in developing countries, oil reserves are being depleted. The world recognizes that we must implement new technologies that will shift the world’s dependency on fossil-based fuels to a hydrogen-driven economy by addressing these problems now.
The H2 N-GEN, from Innovative Hydrogen Solutions, is an immediate and cost-effective answer to these problems.
Download the full brochure under PDF format: http://ihsresearch.com/docs/IHS_brochure.pdf
and the Detailed Specifications: http://ihsresearch.com/docs/h2n-gen.pdf
H2 N-Gen is a Hydrogen Generating Module for an Internal Combustion Engine that can be attached to any type of engine, to enhance the combustion process, independent of the fuel used (gasoline, diesel or propane / natural gas). The Module produces a mixture of Hydrogen and Oxygen gasses, on demand, through a controlled electrolysis process.
These gases are delivered to the engine’s air intake manifold, where they are mixed with the air (or air-fuel vapors), then entering the engine’s cylinders and participating in the combustion process. The purpose of the process is to improve overall engine combustion efficiency by producing a more complete and faster burn of the air-fuel mixture. The results are seen in decreased emissions, along with an increase in horsepower and torque, and a substantial fuel consumption improvement.
The H2 N-Gen Module has a compact design, in a package that is portable, reliable, and safe to operate. The small amount of power needed for Module operation is drawn from the vehicle or generator electrical system, only while the engine is running. The Hydrogen / Oxygen mixture is produced on demand, at very low pressure, the whole amount being burned during operation, through the combustion process. Burning the fuel in the combustion chamber more completely increases the engine performance, while improving fuel mileage and reducing maintenance and/or operating costs. Because the burn is now more efficient, emissions such as nitrous oxides, hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide are significantly reduced.
Frequently Asked Questions
– Q: What is the H2 N-Gen” used for?
A: The H2 N-Gen” is designed for installation on Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) to reduce emissions and improve fuel mileage. The product is modular in design, which makes it very scalable to other applications with only slight modifications.
– Q: How big is the H2 N-Gen” and how much does it weigh?
A: The product dimensions are 14×11.5×2.5 inches. It weighs approximately 20lbs when filled with the electrolyte solution.
– Q: Will the H2 N-Gen” improve my fuel mileage?
A: Yes. If the efficiency of combustion is improved then you are burning more of the fuel, which means you will travel farther on the same quantity of fuel.
– Q: Will this affect the manufacturer’s warranty of the vehicle?
A: No. No manufacturer will void warranty because of an aftermarket product. What they may say is that they neither approve nor disapprove of this technology, but if this product is determined to have caused damage to the engine, then their warranty will not cover this. If this were ever to occur, I.H.S.’s two million dollar per occurrence product liability insurance policy would kick in. View our liability insurance document (Microsoft Word Document).
– Q: When can I get the H2 N-GEN and how much will it cost?
A: IHS is getting very close to a certified market ready product. We expect to be selling to the Heavy Goods Vehicle sector first as the need there is the greatest. Passenger cars and light trucks wont be far behind. As to the cost it will depend on the application. Price will vary with the amount of hydrogen produced. The payback on commercial vehicles is less than a year in most cases. We will be setting up distributors in your area and they will be responsible for advertising and installing the systems.
– Q: How could I become a Distributor?
A: If you are interested in becoming a distributor or dealer for IHS you can send your request along with your contact information to
– Q: Is IHS a publicly traded company?
A: No, we are not trading in the stock markets as of yet. If you have interest in investing in our technology please forward your request to firstname.lastname@example.org and someone will contact you.
– Q: Can I participate in you product testing?
A: We are only using local test vehicles so that we will have easy access for maintenance and data collection
– Q: How much is the draw on a vehicle’s alternator?
A: The H2 N-Gen” draws a consistent 13 amps from the vehicle’s alternator. This equates to approximately one half of the energy used to run a headlight. This draw is low compared to the 160amp standard alternator charging capacity typical of HGVs.
– Q: How often is distilled water added?
A: Distilled water must be added upon refueling of a vehicle. Future generations of the H2 N-Gen” will have a water reclamation process that will negate this maintenance issue.
– Q: Does this product make any modification to an engine?
A: The only modification to an engine is a small insertion in the intake manifold before the turbo so that the hydrogen and oxygen gases can be introduced into the vehicle air mixture.
– Q: Isn’t hydrogen an explosive gas? How can it be safe?
A: The H2 N-Gen” injects less than one percent by volume of hydrogen into a vehicle, which by the properties of hydrogen, do not make it possible to detonate. Furthermore, the unit never stores hydrogen nor put it under pressure at any time, which are the two main concerns with using hydrogen.
– Q: Will this technology help to reduce the ‘Greenhouse Effect’?
A: Yes. The H2 N-Gen” will significantly reduce a vehicle’s CO, CO2, HC and NOx emission levels, which are all harmful Greenhouse Gases (GHGs).
– Q: Will this reduction in greenhouse gases qualify for ‘green credits’?
A: Yes. Credits are issued based on volume of GHG reduction and the H2 N-Gen” reduces HGV emissions by 50% or more in some cases. HGV trucks and particularly the long-haul trucks incur heavy mileage resulting in very high levels of GHG output. Therefore, we expect to generate a significant number of green credits.
– Q: The product literature states that an engine will clean up over time and engine oil will stay cleaner, longer. How is this so?
A: Adding hydrogen to the fuel/air mixture for combustion improves combustion efficiency, as already mentioned. By burning all of the fuel, the vehicle eliminates unburned hydrocarbon build-up otherwise known as carbon deposits. Carbon deposits dirty an engine and impede its performance. So, new vehicles will remain clean, perform better, and change oil less frequently. Old vehicles will clean-up over time and simulate like-new cleanliness, performance, and oil degradation.
– Q: Will the H2 N-Gen” repair an old worn out engine?
A: No. The H2 N-Gen” will enhance a good running engine but will not fix a poorly maintained one (i.e. poor batteries, alternator, injectors, etc ).
– Q: Could the H2 N-Gen” cause an engine to overheat?
A: No. The increase in efficiency of the thermodynamic cycle actually results in lower engine temperature. More work is produced and less heat.
– Q: Does the system freeze in winter?
A: No. We have tested the system to -45C with no problems. All components are rated to operate extremely low temperatures. Even the water does not freeze because it is mixed with electrolyte that does not freeze at the tested temperature range.
– Q: How often is electrolyte added?
A: There is no requirement for adding electrolyte. The electrolyte is pre-diluted with distilled water and only the water is consumed for the production of hydrogen.
– Q: What other markets will use the H2 N-Gen”?
A: The H2 N-Gen” can be applied to any four-stroke internal combustion engine. IHS has made contact with several organizations outside the HGV market to work on future generations of the H2 N-Gen” designed for other applications. The applications include locomotive, Gen-set, automotive-consumer, marine, and mining.
– Q: Isn’t Ballard Power Systems already using hydrogen? Is the H2 N-Gen” similar?
A: No. Ballard is researching the viability of producing ‘Hydrogen Fuel Cells’. Fuel cells are intended to utilize hydrogen as an alternative main fuel. In their case, the vehicle will have fuel cells that produce electricity out of hydrogen. This power will then be used in electric motors resulting in the need to buy a completely new vehicle. On the other hand, IHS is using electricity to generate hydrogen that enhances the existing fossil fuel being used. We do not forecast fuel cell technology to be commercially available in a cost-effective manner for another twenty years.
A Hydrogen-based Alternative
We are developing a market-ready hydrogen generator for the transportation industry as our opening attack on Greenhouse Gases. Our technology will reach out far beyond the transportation industry though. We know we can increase efficiencies for all internal combustion engines.
This means all industry or agricultural venues, the fossil fuel-fired electrical generation sector, as well as the oil patch and mining business with their reliance on stationary generators. Through IHS and the H2 N-Gen, the world can breathe easier.
Test Truck: 1994 Freightliner with Detroit Series 60 Engine. IHS tested the H2 N-Gen system for 3 months with a fuel savings of 22%
HCell produces hydrogen on-demand for immediate use to reduce fuel consumption and emissions, while the fuel cell requires high-pressure hydrogen storage tanks to feed the fuel cell.
– The Background of HydroFuel
HydroFuel refers to the gaseous fuel that is produced by our HCell system by electronically and catalytically inducing water [H2O] to separate its chemical structure into Hydrogen and Oxygen, resulting in a combustion roughly equivalent to fossil fuels.
The list of experimenters with the electrolysis of water reads like the “Who’s Who” of scientific discovery. The clean burn of Hydrogen and the unlimited availability of water have sparked worldwide research but the challenge has been an inability to extract more fuel from water than the energy required to produce it.
The HCell breakthrough comes from a proprietary catalytic energy that lowers the electrical input needed to make almost twice as much available energy as the energy required to produce it.
For the 20th century, petroleum fuels have dominated the marketplace, but for the 21st century and beyond, more efficient and earth-friendly fuels will take their rightful place. Hydrogen has been the fuel of choice in the space program since the 1960’s. With separate tanks of Hydrogen and Oxygen rockets can fire even beyond earth’s atmosphere.
With HCell Technology we produce hydrogen on-demand, eliminating the need for high pressure fuel storage tanks.
Auto manufacturers all over the world are working to place viable Hydrogen powered vehicles on the market within the next ten to twenty years. These “No-Emission” vehicles will either have to be fueled by a vast network of a Hydrogen delivery infrastructure or they will reform gasoline or natural gas on-site for fueling stations.
HydroFuel makes it possible to have fueling stations or onboard hydrogen production.
HydroFuel’s initial focus is to impact the electric power generation industry where we can make the greatest initial impact. Automotive applications will follow.
– How Is HydroFuel(TM) Unique?
Production of a sustainable, renewable, non-polluting fuel product from water is the difference. Hydrogen production at 3-to-1 BTU product out for BTU energy in is a historic milestone. HCell efficiently separates water [H2O] into its combustion components [H2] and [O2], making it the ideal renewable fuel.
Scientific discovery has long been frustrated by its inability to produce sufficient fuel product to compensate the energy required to make it. What distinguishes HCell from other technologies is that we have infused catalytic energy to our process, resulting in a net gain Hydrogen and Oxygen [2H2 . O2] fuel product.
Approximately 33% of a generator’s electric power is used to produce fuel, leaving 67% available for power distribution.
Because the HydroFuel system produces no particulate or gaseous emissions, the resulting condensed water can be captured and used again to make more hydrofuel for a renewable and truly sustainable fuel.
– Environmental concerns and fuel economy are the two greatest challenges facing the continued use of internal combustion engines. Below you will see our charted lab results of a liquid propane engine and a diesel engine
BEFORE and AFTER adding our hydrogen enriched system.
Note that the Nitrous Oxides and Hydrocarbons (smog causing elements) are greatly reduced with the hydrogen system.
The Air/Fuel ratio, which sees the hydrogen as air, shows fuel consumption to be reduced in both engines, but more dramatically in the diesel engine.
– POWER PLANT MODEL
Clear Skies Ahead
Providing energy solutions that have minimal environmental impact, high energy efficiency and unlimited sustainability is HydroFuel’s vision. We see affordable, dependable electric power and clean water around the globe for today and coming generations. HCellTM technology will provide the fuel to accomplish these goals.
Below is a diagram that illustrates a typical electric power plant and desalinization plant fueled by HCell technology.
– The advantages are clear:
. Electric power from a renewable water source,
. Electric power with minimal production costs,
. Eliminating harmful emissions from energy production,
. Utilizing waste heat from energy production to produce clean water,
. Reducing overall dependence on hydrocarbon fuels.
This technology will create a pervasive transformation in the way electric power is generated and consumed. HydroFuel has a forward-looking company development plan to open and retrofit power plants all over the U.S. and international markets. When the world needs cleaner, more efficient energy, HydroFuel Systems, Inc. and HCellTM technology will be there with solutions to benefit everyone!
# – http://www.amer-grp.com/gas_station.html
Basic Booster System for Semi Tractors 6 Gallon Tank, Electric Level Gauge with 6 Fuel Masters –
(Equivalent to 24 candlestick units, includes remote mount tank – 21 day lead time)The fuel masters mount on each injector line to the clylinder.Includes fill valve, backflow valve and fill pump. This unit will decrease your fuel useage by 50% over the road.Monthly license fee is $34.95.We need to know the type of tractor as we have a unit that monitors the engine and mileage. SEND YOUR VEHICLE VEND AND TAG NUMBER (usually found in the drivers side lower windshield area or on your title or registration); so we can email you the agreement which must be returned to us before your unit can be sent $1995.00 – delivered
Deposit only of $495.00 – we will contact you so as to get the remaining info for the tractor
American Group of Companies’ Hydrogen Power Technologies, updated November 26, 2005, Claim to have hydrogen-power technologies presently for sale for automobiles carburetor enhancement, and for home and small business generators ranging from 5, 10, 20, 50 Kw.
“Since their introduction in 1983 as cogeneration modules, a total of 13,000,000 operating hours have been accumulated on over five hundred TOTEM_H2 type units. The modules have been installed in high schools, hospitals, athletic clubs, hotels, motels, laundries, nursing homes, and colleges. These fully packaged systems are available for quick delivery and the proven standardized design enables faster site engineering, permitting low cost installation and start-up, and efficient maintenance.” — Roy Union (ref http://www.supportamerica.com/hydrogen/TOTEM_H2_feasibility_proof.html )
From: Paul Sampeck, email@example.com , Sent: Thursday, November 24, 2005 11:15 AM
Subject: Roy Union aka American Group of Companies
I read with great interest the interchange regarding Iiya Ureshenko posted on your site http://www.freeenergynews.com/Directory/Hydrogen/AmericanGroupCompanies/legal_threat.htm :
I am currently involved in a dispute with the same company, Roy Union aka American Group of Companies, involving a considerable sum of money – over $9,000.00. Apparently, I am not the only consumer who has been treated in the same manner, i.e. Roy Union receives payment, then refuses to ship the items purchased without payment of additional money. When additional payments are not made, the company refuses a refund and refuses to ship the items purchased, referencing their required “Non-Comp Non-Disclosure Agreement” which is required before obtaining any of the company’s proprietary products. After signature is obtained on this non-competition agreement, the company then refers to it as a “license agreement” and begins the process of threatening legal action and submission of invoices for items and/or services not ordered.
In my case, the items I purchased from an ad on Ebay were not proprietary in any way, shape or form, and the company (which apparently consists of one person named Reginald Burgess of Los Angeles, California) sent additional invoices for thousands of dollars after I had already paid in full for the items I purchased.
As you are a proponent of the free exchange of information, I would appreciate any help you may be able to provide regarding pursuit of justice regarding the activities of Roy Union aka American Group of Companies.
Have you had any other instances reported to you regarding their products or business practices? If so, sharing the information will be greatly appreciated as I put together my case to bring against the company and the individual behind the company. I will be pursuing both civil and criminal charges against the organization and Mr. Burgess.
Thanks in advance for any help you may be able to provide. Paul Sampeck
WATER ELECTROLYSIS for ELECTRIC GENERATORS :
# – 2005, EGas Power Limited, 16 Poole Street, Lower Hutt, New Zealand. http://www.egaspower.com
EGasPower Ltd produce the world’s only self refueling electrical power generators for homes, farms, factories and commercial buildings. The fuel being nothing more than rainwater falling on the roof. This enables customers to disconnect from the grid – or to use the grid solely for standby.
E Gas = Electrolysis Gas, Hydrogen & Oxygen gas made from pure H2O. A cleaner fuel with no emissions. The exhaust of egas is H2O, so the exhaust is fed back to the water tank creating renewable fuel.
What is sold is the power generator, what is licensed is the fuel plant. A license is provided to use the fuel plant and certain caveats exist: A lifetime warranty is provided to the original purchaser. The purchaser is stopped from opening the fuel plant or from effecting repairs or dismantling the fuel system or any part of it.
EGas Power current products available are Generator Sets, 30kwVA to240kwVA are ready for shipping.
The photo here is of an 85kwAVGen Set. $150,000.00
# – http://www.hasslberger.com/tecno/hydrogen.htm
Date: 1/15/03 1:59:30 AM Pacific Standard Time ; Here are a couple of a generator systems for a house power supply. They run on straight nitrogen-hydroxide generate from water. The same system on the v8 car (CELLA car). The generator has been running as the main supply of electric to a house for over ten years to my knowledge. Well there are no power lines were this unit is. I myself drive an old f100 Canadian engine. It’s a 360 cubic inch six cylinder. I have run it on the fuel system for over four years, so far with know ill effect except on my fuel bill round town I get about 140 mile per gallon. On a good run a lot more. But there are lots of them privately built in Australia; they are quite common. Even the guy that does my road-worthy certificate has one [we have to have are cars checkedevery year here for any mechanical faults before we can re register the vehicle].
# – http://www.amer-grp.com/gas_station.html
The TOTEM_H2 is a Hydrogen Powered electrical generator system.The sizes vary from 1Kw to 100Kw. This program is for consulting and specs to setup a permanent on-site lease of an Electrical Generation power plant that is designed to be an electrical storage system HYBRID.
This program is only available to land and home owners and the item is technically a home or land improvement where the promissory transfers upon sale to another party.
you are paying an enegineering and consulting fee for basicvally up to ten hours work to get your system designed.The cost of the actual TOTEM_H2 system itself and all required to accomplish the implimentation of it is not included.It is not a refundable fee.
You need to be a property owner or long term leasee to use this system.We make only ONE portable type unit for construction sites and that is a trailerable item, 50Kw V-6 powered.440/220/120 All else above applies.
Benjamin Hofer (Switzerland): http://wassermotor.swissworld.com/
Last year (in the February 2002 Spirit of Ma’at) we brought you a set of plans for converting an ordinary car to run on water. These plans were sent to us anonymously, but we had them checked out by scientists and they seemed to be using a similar technology to one we knew was working. We reported about further developments in this area last December in an article titled Water Karma.
Believing that the “believability gap” is a potent force preventing the realization of using water as fuel, we have continued to research other technological solutions. Two of these – both based upon inventions by the same company – are reported below.
In a suburb of Toronto, Canada, a small company called Rothman Technologies, Inc., has in fact discovered not one but two viable methods for breaking down ordinary water into hydrogen and oxygen. Neither method involves the need to spend a billion dollars. They are simple answers. The existing engines in our automobiles could work with these systems with very little alteration and no need for an external support infrastructure like the one now provided by gas stations, and which would be required by fuel-cell technology.
In the containers was ordinary water plus an electrolyte (i.e., some type of salt)
According to the company’s representative, this metal alloy is so inexpensive that an engine can run for four hours on a piece that would cost about half a cent
.seawater could be used directly as the primary fuel, thus eliminating the need for added salt. I was there with Michael Ballin, who works with Rolling Arts TV, a television channel in Los Angeles that supports the Antique, Hot Rod, and Racing Car industry and sees automobiles as an art form.
So the video footage that you will be able to watch (see link at the end of this article) was shot by Michael for his company.
Rothman Technologies, Inc., also has another method of converting water to fuel. It’s called electrolysis. This method breaks water down into Brown’s gas, which also is a perfect fuel for gasoline engines, and, with one exceptional change, it is similar to the method we featured in this webzine last year (see The Water Car, and Convert Your Car to Run on Water, plus my December 2002 update to both of these articles, Water Karma).
The environment is experiencing tremendous problems at the moment, and one of the most serious of these is that we are losing our oxygen. The oxygen content of the air is becoming so low that it threatens our very existence in some areas. The normal oxygen content of our air is 21 percent. But in some places it is only a fraction of that! In Tokyo, Japan, for example, the oxygen content of the air has dipped to 6 or 7 percent. If it reaches 5 percent, people will begin to die. Tokyo has even put oxygen disbursement centers on its street corners, so that people can get emergency oxygen if they need it.
This invention, on which Rothman Technologies, Inc., has a Patent Pending, is possibly the most important discovery that’s ever been made in electrolysis technology. Increasing the output of electrolysis by ten times finally gives sufficient breakdown of the water to Brown’s gas to actually run a normal car engine, and would seem to make electrolysis systems the method of choice for the future.
HYDROXY for WELDING and INDUSTRIES :
The gas realized by the splitting of the water molecule, composed mainly of Hydrogen and Oxygen, when burned, become water again, and it has very extra-ordinary capabilities, as you can read on this page; it is called Brown Gas.
# – 1991, B.E.S.T. KOREA CO. LTD, developer of HYDROXY / BROWN GAS technologies : “Water energy era” http://www.browngas.com , Chairman Yull Brown and Chairman Kim Sang Nam.
Some of their patents : “Brown Gas Heating Furnace made of Mineral Stone”(US patent 6,397,834).
“Apparatus for Generating Energy using Cyclic Combustion of Brown Gas“(US patent 6,443,725).
Barbecue Machine using Brown Gas(Patent No.0341352). “Brown Gas Mass Production Apparatus including a Line Style Electrolytic Cell”(Japan patent No.3130014).
On the foundation of such Brown Gas Combustion Technology, we developed many Brown Gas applied products like Brown Gas Boiler, Pyrolytic Melting Incinerator, etc.
B.E.S.T. KOREA CO. LTD.has total 142 industrial properties including 70 patents ;
Today, our proud B.E.S.T. KOREA declares the era of Water Energy in 21C. We hope you use water (H2O) instead of the oil as much as you want by your own Brown Gas Plant, the Water Fuel Auto Supplier.
With this, we accomplished a great deed to use water as an alternative energy.
Mr Brown became known to the world when he succeeded in an experiment to use Brown Gas as a car fuel and the media published with a heavy headline as “a water fuel car” and TV introduced the experiment process.
Scientists in the world say that an ideal alternative fuel for car which is the main pollution of air is only hydrogen.
Chairman Brown showed a experiment melting and welding a wire to a fire brick at a seminar in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA), and the superiority of Brown Gas was recognized.
Self-gas production age!President and Prime Minister of South Korea strongly support the use of Brown gas ;
. According as the amendment bill of Development, Utilization and Providing regarding Alternative Energy passed the National Assembly on Feb. 28th, 2002, the hydrogen energy from electrolysis of water, namely, making Brown Gas the limitless resource was voted into law.
Besides, we completed “2002 The Study of Utilization System of BrownGas” by Ministry of Commerce Industry and Energy. Its result proved that Brown Gas is true to the name as an alternative energy.
Brown gas burns in fast speed because of Implosion phenomenon by self-contained oxygen, and it makes higher temperature than any other fuel because the heat doesn’t go out.
People who learned electrolysis in existing common sense didn’t know such Brown Gas Heat Generation Effect, and they didn’t know that water is pyrolyzed at 4,300 deg K, either.
Therefore, nobody ever thought to use the water as a fuel during 170 years of the electrolysis history.
Water is an easy material to burn according to the principle of nature.
If we electrolyze water, it is easy to think that is non-economic because electrical energy is engaged much. But, if we make water into energy, we must know truth that energy is created more than triple or more because of the Brown Gas’s features as mentioned above.
Brown Gas for INDUSTRIES, incineartion, burners, boilers, furnaces :
If you have the Water Fuel Auto Supplier (Brown Gas Plant) to input Brown Gas into industrial boilers, heating furnaces, high-temperature furnaces, combustion acceleration occurs.
It solves pollution problems and save fuel cost. Therefore, you can kill 2 birds with one stone.
With a Water Fuel Auto Supplier Brown Gas Plant, if the switch is on, the Brown Gas Plant makes water into Brown Gas (water fuel) and supplies the cheap water fuel to boilers, furnaces, incinerators, etc. at industrial sites during 24 hours and 365 days
1994 . Development of Brown Gas Generator completed and production begun
1997 . Export agreement with Japan SHANKOSHA corporation.
2000 . ISO 9001 certification
……… . Prime minister’s prize in 2000 Korea Patent Technoloy Fair
2001 . Presidential prize in 36th Invention Day
2002 . Development of Brown Gas Engine begun – Korea Institute of Industrial Technology
2003 . Apparatus for Generating Energy using Cyclic Combustion of Brown Gas
2004 . Development of Vehicle Exhaust Fumes Reduction Device completed
……… . Development of Brown Gas Engine at 1st stage completed
We could complete the Water Fuel Auto Supply System by the birth of the Lins Style Electrolytic Cell that is proud of 96% electrolytic efficiency.
As compared with this, Brown Gas High-temperature Pyrolytic Melting Incinerator of our company doesn’t use any cost for pure oxygen or pure nitrogen, and it can construct in small or midium sizes. Such advantages make it a good incinerator.
If we could use water as fuel, we would not have to worry about energy any longer.
Address:705 Gayang Technotown, Gangseo-gu, Seoul, Korea . Fax: 82-02-36658887.
# – 2002, Mr. Kim, South Korea, USP 6,443,725, Apparatus for generating energy using cyclic combustion of brown gas , http://www.brownsgas.com/page/page/3353676.htm
References Cited in this patent:- USP 558176 Apr., 1896 Huber 126/92.- USP 951060 Mar., 1910 Vanden Driessche 126/85.- USP 978127 Dec., 1910 Brock.- USP 1053695 Feb., 1913 Ash.- USP 1218206 Mar., 1917 Panasevich 126/85.- USP 1362789 Dec., 1920 Hamilton 126/92.- USP 1414360 May., 1922 Hicks 122/155.- USP 1494499 May., 1924 O’Dowd 126/92.- USP 1502200 Jul., 1924 Howlett et al. 126/92.- USP 1784927 Dec., 1930 Coon 431/170.- USP 1970529 Aug., 1934 Walton 431/170.- USP 1978517 Oct., 1934 Wetherbee 431/170.- USP 2093239 Sep., 1937 Furlong 431/170.- USP 2098629 Nov., 1937 Knowlton.- USP 3262872 Jul., 1966 Rhodes et al.- USP 4081656 Mar., 1978 Brown 431/11.- USP 4465455 Aug., 1984 Meyer 431/78.- USP 4828481 May., 1989 Weil et al. 431/7.- USP 5244558 Sep., 1993 Chiang 204/241.- USP 5279260 Jan., 1994 Munady.
Foreign Patent Documents : – 3838142 May., 1990 DE 431/2.- 0101761 Mar., 1984 EP 431/2.- 2000-329358 Nov., 2000 JP 126/91.- 200174216 Mar., 2001 JP.- WO-92/03686 Mar., 1992 WO 431/2.
Abstract: An energy generating apparatus using the cyclic combustion of Brown gas is disclosed. The apparatus comprises a heat generating unit, an outer wall, a Brown gas generator, an open-shut valve and a burner.
The heat generating unit is positioned on a base. The outer wall surrounds the heat generating unit so as to define a combustion chamber, is provided with a discharge hole at its upper portion, and radiates infrared rays.
The Brown gas generator is used to generate Brown gas. The open-shut valve is positioned between supply pipes so as to block the Brown gas discharged from the Brown gas generator. The burner is used to heat the heat generating unit by burning Brown gas supplied through the open-shut valve and the supply pipes.
What is claimed is:
… An energy generating apparatus using the cyclic combustion ofBrown gas, comprising:
a heat generating unit positioned on a base, wherein said heatgenerating unit is masoned by stacking blocks adjacently perpendicular lengthwise, with each of the blocks being made by calcining a block of high temperature ceramic whose chief ingredient is Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, in which each of the blocks is provided with a groove formed in a middle portion of a bottom of the block so as to improve the block’s capacity to receive and store heat, two pairs of through holes formed through both sides of the groove so as to transmit the stored heat upwards, and a pair of depressions formed by depressing a top of the block between the two pairs of opposing through holes; an outer wall surrounding the heat generating unit so as to define a combustion chamber, heated by the heat generating unit and radiating infrared rays and far infrared rays which have a combined wavelength comprising a range that is absorbed by water; a Brown gas generator generating Brown gas; and a burner heating the heat generating unit by burning Brown gas supplied from the Brown gas generator.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates, in general, to energy generating apparatuses using the cyclic combustion of Brown gas and, more particularly, to an energy generating apparatus using the cyclic combustion of Brown gas, which generates a great quantity of energy by allowing Brown gas to repeat a cycle wherein the Brown gas supplied to a sealed combustion chamber is evaporated and transformed into water molecules after combustion, the water molecules absorb infrared rays and far infrared rays radiated from a heat generating unit and infrared radiating material and are ionized into hydrogen and oxygen while being heated to a high temperature due to a self-heat generating phenomenon, and, thereafter, the ionized hydrogen and oxygen is burnt.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Generally, in order to generate energy by burning fossil fuel, a great quantity of air must be supplied to a combustion chamber and a great quantity of exhaust gas is discharged to the atmosphere. The amount of lost energy contained in the exhaust gas is about 60% or more of the total generated energy.
In researches into the field of electrolysis, no great progress has been made since Michael Faraday established the theory of electrolysis in 1833.
That is, the method of electrolysis was established and well known, but the method of electrolysis has not been applied to boilers, heaters, heating furnaces, etc. for commercial use.
The fact that the method of electrolysis has not been utilized in commercial applications results from theoretical and technological deficiency. The theoretical deficiency is that the implosion and thermal reaction characteristics of the Brown gas have not been known. The technological deficiency is that there occur problems including the leakage of water from a torch tip, etc. while the electrolytic bath is operated continuously because the development of an electrolytic bath is not sufficient.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the prior art, and an object of the present invention is to provide an energy generating apparatus using the cyclic combustion ofBrown gas wherein a heat generating unit is heated to a temperature of 1,000.degree. C. or more and an outer wall is heated by radiant heat radiated from the heat generating unit, so that infrared rays are radiated from the outer wall to the outside and inside.
Another object of the present invention is to provide an energy generating apparatus that generates a great quantity of energy by forcing Brown gas to repeat a cycle wherein the Brown gas supplied to the combustion chamber is evaporated and transformed into water molecules after combustion, the water molecules absorb infrared rays and far infrared rays radiated from the heat generating unit and infrared radiating material and are ionized into hydrogen and oxygen while being heated to a high temperature 1,000.degree. C. .fwdarw.2,500.degree. C. .fwdarw.4,000.degree. C.. due to a self- heat generating phenomenon, and, thereafter, the ionized hydrogen and oxygen is burnt.
A further object of the present invention is to provide an energy generating apparatus that does not produce by-products, such as smoke, soot and odor.
Yet another object of the present invention is to provide an energy generation apparatus that does not need a chimney and an air supply.
… another AMAZING DISCOVERY about BROWN GAS; remember that Mr. KIM is the Chairman and founder of B.E.S.T. KOREA (see ‘Welding Electrolyser’ page on the menu on top), leading company in the domain, and that he learned from Yull Brown himself; we can see the engine running on Brown Gas only, on one of their video in Korean; it’s on this planet, and now, another motor running only on water, and many other amazing things to do with the WaterGas !
-Eagle-Research started an independent research program on Brown’s Gas in 1994. And threw aside traditional electrolyzer technology; drew upon their research in alternative energy and achieved a superior electrolyzer design.Interestingly, Eagle-Research independently duplicated William Rhodes most efficient design, with enhancements. William Rhodes has reviewed and confirmed the brown’s gas technology.
Eagle-Research is the world leader?!? in the practical application of Brown’s Gas technology. In an independent test ER Brown’s Gas technology achieved almost 100% efficiency. ERXXXX WaterTorches are so efficient that they do not require a cooling system or fan.
The electrolyte is lye and is added during the initial water fill, it does not need to be changed for the life of the machine. Lye is sodium hydroxide. Get as pure as you can, at least 99%. Impurities can cause problems in the machine.
100% duty cycle – reliable, efficient electronics – one switch operation- series-cell efficiency
Question. Does BG explode or implode when burned?
Answer. BG in an enclosed area will explode 99.99% of the time. In an enclosed area, it requires a very exact situation (nearly impossible to achieve) to implode without an initial explosion. In an enclosed area, the ‘burn’ goes to detonation velocities (explosion about 5000 meters/sec). During the ‘burn’ or explosion, the BG turns back into water; with a net reduction in volume of 1860 times. The near instant volume reduction causes a vacuum so fast that we label it an ‘implosion’. The net result of the explosion-implosion is a vacuum.
BG burning in open air (exposed flame) burns at ‘burn velocity’ of about 7 meters/sec. Since the net result of BG burning is a vacuum, you have a long narrow flame (it makes a tunnel in the air). As long as the gas is coming out of the torch faster than the flame is burning back to the torch, the flame won’t go into the torch. If the flame goes into the torch, it will be in an enclosed area and the burn will accelerate to detonation velocities; resulting in a ‘bang’ (explosion) which we call a backfire.
The ERXXXX WaterTorches are designed to safely withstand backfires. It is a good idea to use a bubbler so that backfires do not reach the WaterTorch.
– Optional Bubbler (highly recommended): Provides an added layer of protection for the electrolyzer (less stress on the machine) during backfires. (Everyone has at least one backfire when learning to operate the torch.) And the bubbler provides an easy method to ‘clean’ (scrub) the gas of any residual lye in case you want to work with extra pure gas.
End view of beta ER4000 without hood (May 2000), This machine was our beta version industrial.
Technology Innovator Answer:
Eagle-Research Inc. defines Brown’s Gas (BG) as:
The total mixture of gasses that evolve by electrolyzing water in an electrolyzer specifically designed NOT to separate the gasses.
The BG mixture consists of diatomic hydrogen, monatomic hydrogen, diatomic oxygen, monatomic oxygen, water vapor and electrically expanded water.
Brown’s Gas Users Answer:
The BG flame is a unique method for transmitting electrical energy directly into the atomic structure of materials, producing effects often unobtainable by any other means.
The answer most people are really looking for is actually the answer to the question :
“What can Brown’s Gas do for me?”That answer depends on what your needs are.
Q. If you need industrial torch gasses, then the answer is:
A. Point for point, Brown’s Gas is the torch gas of choice!
Q. If you want to neutralize radioactive waste, then:
A. Brown’s Gas is the answer to the largest problem the nuclear industry faces today!
Q. If you are in ore concentration, then the answer is:
A. Brown’s Gas helps recovery of extraordinary volumes of metal, even from ores that were previously resistant to traditional techniques!
We are finding more Brown’s Gas answers everyday. It is a technology with so many practical applications that it will literally change civilization as we know it. Eagle-Research has invented the machines that finally make Brown’s Gas practical; so the final answer is:
George’s Brown’s Gas machine costs $3700 for 1200 Litres of Gas per Hour.
Brown’s Gas is the technology that will change your life ~ either directly or indirectly.
This ER2200 WaterTorch had transparent electrolyzer tanks, so people could see the Brown’s Gas being produced. We built it to demonstrate at an alternative energy conference in 1997
# – H2 and O2 System Components, http://www.hionsolar.com/n-comp.htm
– 2004 -Daily thousands of companiesare usingBrown’s Gas technology for various (even new) applications.
Properties and Applications Browns Gas :By T. Cullen;
– Neutralizes radioactive waste ; Certified as such by Canadian Atomic Commission; on file with George Wiseman.
– Breathing Aparatus ; Gas is non-toxic, breathable, preferable for diving because of absence of Nitrogen.
– Welds many dissimilar metals; does not weld iron
– Cuts ; Cuts thick steel (with added oxygen), Gas cuts iron 30% faster than acetylene, Cuts dirty metal without sputtering
– Toxic waste disposal (can vaporize PVC’s)
– Transmutation ;Turns feldspar into moonstone
– Does not boil water if directly applied on water; but seems to work by electrical rather than heat energy
– Water that condenses from the flame produces “new water” that exhibits properties of transmutation, taking on the characteristics of things to which it is subjected
– Vapors do not pool but mix with air and become stable
– The gas by itself is lighter than air
– Gas speeds healing of wounds – Muscle relaxing (as demonstrated by a Spokane Chiropractor)
– Helps plants germinate
– Recoverable ore – Ore/Mineral-Refining, Separation and Manufacture
– Can be used to make glass bottles
– Flame propagation has been measured at ~8500 feet/second
– Melts Titanium (3034 °F; 1668 °C ) rapidly; glowing red immediately upon exposure to flame; while aluminum (1221 °F; 660.4 °C ) is barely effected in comparison.
– Melts pure carbon
– Indications of mono-atomic hydrogen and oxygen (“impossible”)
– Steel, after treatment with the flame, is much more impervious to rust than before treatment
– Used in a car the gas combusts and emits water vapor as the only effluent in its exhaust
– Flame from this gas can glaze concrete thus rendering it impervious to acids and other corrosives and greatly extending the concrete’s useful lifespan
– Creating Semiprecious stones (example: manufacture Rubies)
– Enhanced fossil fuel combustion (internal and external)
-Fusing is not actually welding, because the materials do not actually combine on a molecular level, but just flow into and around each other. Brazing and soldering are types of fusing. Browns Gas does a wonderful job of fusing
– flame polishing of glass, plastic, quartz and ceramics
– Gouging- Heat Shrinking- Molding with heat- Plasma Spray- Underwater cutting and heating – and many others… amaizing gas that watergas !
# – See the electrodes and thick pipe/container of an efficient Series-cell welding machine :
# – Some other links about Brown Gas Welding:
– Arizona Hydrogen Manufacturing : http://www.azhydrogen.com
– GREEN GAS Company : http://www.greengas.com.sg/page1.htm , GREEN GAS GENERATOR PTE LTD, No. 6 Pioneer Sector One, Singapore 628418, Tel: (65)-898-4475 Fax:(65)-898-4476
– Horyzon Technology : http://www.eskimo.com/~ghawk/
– Peswiki info on Brown Gas : http://peswiki.com/energy/Directory:Hydrogen_Technology_Applications_Inc
– Not Taught In Schools: http://www.nottaughtinschools.com/Yull-Brown/index.html
– BE FREE TECH, R-GAS : http://befreetech.com/bg.htm
– Stan Rubinstein Assoc. : http://www.sra-solder.com/h20.htm
– Siam Water Flame : http://www.waterflame.co.th/water.htm , Siam Water Flame Co.,Ltd., 381/60-61 Soi Bannmai,Chalampnimit Road,Bangklo,Bangkholaem,Bangkok 10120 Thailand, TEL: (662) 688-5562,688-5563,668-5564 FAX: (662) 688-5565 E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
– Hydrogen Technologies Applications, Inc : http://hytechapps.com/index.html
# Epoch Energy Technology Corp, http://www.oxy-hydrogen.com/index.asp?lang=2
Epoch Energy Technology Corp is the Taiwan-based manufacturer of Oxy-hydrogen gas generators and solar water heaters. We have been engaged in research and development since 1993, with the goal of providing a clean and safe renewable energy source in the face of the growing crises of our polluted planet, as well as, upcoming oil shortages and ever rising fuel prices all over the world. We offer REAL alternative fuel solutions to traditional gas fuels.
Technical Principle & Barrier Breakthrough
Electricity flows from (D) to the Adjustable Transformer Controller (C) ; the alternating current then goes into the Commutator (B), and transforms into direct current. The direct current connects to the anode +, and cathode - in the electrolytic cell (A), to electrolyze water into pure hydrogen and oxygen. As the Oxy-hydrogen gas passes through the filter and pressure detector, the flame device (with anti-back-fire safety valve) ignites to a temperature between 800 and 3000 degrees centigrade. It can be used for precision welding, cutting, heating, and flame processing equipment, giving results that are economical, reliable, safe, and environmentally sound.
Actual Steam Boiler Application
Epoch Powered High Efficiency Incinerator
CNC Multiple Cutting Application
Food and Beverage Industry Application
Automobile Body shop Application
Lithium Ore-sintering Plant
Abstract: Background: Browns Gas is a hydrogen based fuel produced via the electrolysis of water; the product hydrogen and oxygen gases, of the electrolytic reaction, are not separated from one another. Past experimentation involved exploring the physical and chemical properties of the gas with direct regard to torch application. The future ofBrowns Gas involves its use as a fuel enhancer.
Methods of Approach: Four Experiments were conducted to explore the efficiency increasing properties of Browns Gas. By apply three different quantities of Browns Gas and comparing to a control, which only used propane, we can extract useful information regarding the extent that a quantity of Browns Gas effectively increases the efficiency of propane combustion. The constant parameter of each of the four experiments is to boil a particular quantity of water. It takes a particular quantity of energy in order to raise the temperature, of a particular quantity of water, from room temperature to boiling temperature. By maintaining this constant parameter in each experiment, the data implies that the amount of energy contained in a quantity of propane, required to raise a quantity of water to boiling temperature, is the same quantity of energy contained in a reduced amount of propane mixed with a quantity of Browns Gas.
Results: Browns Gas is shown, by the data available in this report, to increase the combustion efficiency of propane gas.
Conclusions: The experimental data implies that Browns Gas can be used to reduce the amount of propane fuel that a consumer requires. 90 liters of Propane can be reduced to 50 liters + 545.7 watt-hours of Browns Gas.
… Results: In each successive experiment, a decreased quantity of Browns Gas was utilized, and propane requirements maintained significant reductions. In experiment #2, #3, and #4, 45%, 39%, and 30% reductions in propane requirements were respectively achieved, while maintaining a constant output of a particular quantity of energy.
Graph #1: , Graph #2:
– Graph #1, Varying Brown’s Gas Quantities: This graph consists of temperature vs. time. The four experiments conducted in this publication can be seen in this graph. Propane takes 18 minutes to increase the temperature of the water to that of boiling. Experiment #2, which utilized 545.7 watthours of Browns Gas, required the least amount of time to reach boiling temperature taking only 10 minutes.
– Graph #2, Propane Cost Reduction: This graph consists of extrapolations base on the data collected in experiment #2.
Calculation example #1 is numerically representative of the data in this graph. The national average of propane is used (2$/gallon-liquid). 90 liters of propane can successfully be reduced to 50 liters + 545.7 watt-hours worth of Brown Gas as shown in experiment #2. Obviously the values in this experiment can be varied proportionally in order to calculate particular savings for other quantities.
With direct regard to consumer appliances, and even industrial appliances, Browns Gas can be used to increase the combustion efficiency of a propane flame, decreasing the quantity of propane required to transfer a particular amount of energy required to achieve desired ends. In addition, the net result of utilizing Browns Gas, to enhance propane, results in a net economic savings, which can be seen in Example Calculations #1, #2, and #3.
The potential exists for Browns Gas to be the worlds most widely used fuel enhancer. There is no other fuel additive available that is produced immediately before it is intended to be used. The implications of Browns Gas fuel enhancement, specifically with the on-demand Water TorchTM brand Browns Gas generator, has the potential influence the future of energy industries by significantly reducing the amount of fuel consumers require.
#-# More about Noah Seidman, B.S. Electrical Engineering, Hofstra University, 2006. http://peswiki.com/index.php/Congress:Member:Noah_Seidman
# Fly Ash Incinerator, Web Release Date: November 3, 2004, Copyright © 2004 American Chemical Society, http://www.brownsgas.com/page/page/3353683.htm
Vitrification of Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Fly Ash Using Brown’s Gas
Kwinam Park, Jangsoo Hyun, Sanjeev Maken, Seokheung Jang, and Jin-Won Park*
Department of Chemical Engineering, Yonsei Centre for Clean Technology, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemoon-ku, Seoul, Korea, 120-749
– Abstract: Municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) fly ash was vitrified at ~1450 C, for the first time, using Brown’s gas. Vitrification of pelletized fly ash (fly ash + water glass) results in a decrease of the leaching of toxic heavy metals to much below the Korean regulatory limit values, although melted fly ash was a poorly vitrified product that had a dark gray appearance.
The addition of glass cullet to the fly ash increased the silica content and decreased the basicity. It was determined that a decrease in basicity from 2.94 to 0.28 leads to good vitrified products that have an amorphous glassy structure that is dark brown in color. Leaching all of the potentially hazardous heavy metals present in fly ash also decreased as the basicity decreased.
It was determined that all the heavy metals (zinc, lead, chromium, arsenic, copper, manganese, and cadmium) were efficient in regard to substituting for parent Al and Ca ions in the silicate structure. It was further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry studies that the initial crystalline structure of fly ash was transformed to an amorphous glassy structure upon vitrification.
The vitrified products of fly ash and its mixtures with glass cullet were determined to be nonhazardous in nature and glassy in appearance; therefore, they could be considered as construction and road-building materials in the future.
These machines are currently undergoing the full CE Accreditation process, which once completed will make them the first commercial Oxy-Hydrogen Generator on the European Marketplace. Pioneered and manufactured in Thailand, Asia, these sophisticated devices, generate a highly combustible gas capable of creating pinpoint flame temperatures, from a few hundred Degrees Celcius to 3500 + Degrees Celcius which can be applied with surgical levels of precision and all from filtered tap water.
Water Flame: Melts Brick….
Never before have such high temperatures been achievable for deployment with such surgical precision and so easily. We offer a variety of genrators capable of runnng flame applications from a needles width to large enough for industrial furnace applications and metal cutting. The flame emitted from our microtorches is chemically pure and may be used in applications as diverse as laboratories, jewellery manufacture, glass fibre data cable manufacture, metal cutting of most types and scales, heat treatments, soldering, brazing, welding, dental labs. in fact, anywhere you currently use flames for heating or where combustion is required.